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What Happened to These Lost Civilizations?

Plenty of societies have fallen into decline throughout history, and while some leave clues as to what caused their demise, others have suddenly disappeared. Here are a few of these puzzling lost cultures.
The Indus civilization
Also known as the Harappan civilization, this ancient culture, which extended over parts of India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, disappeared approximately 3,000 years ago for reasons unknown.
The Polynesian society of Easter Island
Famous its the massive stone heads, Easter Island (Rapa Nui) was home to a thriving Polynesian civilization that first settled the island about 700 CE. There are many theories for the culture’s decline.
The Neolithic civilization that lived in ?atalh?yük
?atalh?yük in modern-day Turkey was once one of the world’s oldest cities. A Neolithic culture flourished there between 9,000 and 7,000 years ago and then suddenly disappeared.
The Mississippians
This agrarian civilization once built large cities in parts of North America. Experts don’t know what led to the culture’s gradual demise.
Intrigued?
Read more about the mysterious declines of other civilizations.

French Foreign Legion

March 9, 2021, marks the 190th anniversary of the founding of the French Foreign Legion in 1831. King Louis-Philippe created the military unit to support French colonial ambitions in Africa. The legion’s reputation as a band of cutthroats, criminals, and romantic misfits was stimulated by the anonymat, a requirement that recruits enlist under an assumed name. While this rule was implemented to emphasize the break with one’s previous life and full integration into the legion, it added an air of mystery to the white-capped troopers. Public fascination with the legionnaires peaked with the publication of Percival C. Wren’s Beau Geste.
“Honneur et fidélité”
article / Politics, Law & Government
? Viachaslau Zhukau/Dreamstime.com
Beau Geste
article / Entertainment & Pop Culture
? 1939 Paramount Pictures Corporation; photograph from a private collection
The Battle of France
article / World History
Encyclop?dia Britannica, Inc.

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